Care of autotyres

In this publication it is a question of care of tires during operation of a rolling stock and by production THAT and TR. It is paid attention to features of operation of tubeless tires. The sizes of tires and standard of pressure are specified in them.
Safety, economical use of tires substantially depend on experience and skills of driving of the car.


Fists Yury Nikolaevich,

Praktikapokazyvayet, chtoprezhdevremenny wear of tires vsledstvienesoblyudeniyapravil their operation, nedostatochnoeffektivnoyorganizatsiiiupravleniye proizvodstvomTOiTRpodvizhnogosostava. Safety, ekonomnoeispolzovanieshinv znachitelnojstepenizavisyatotopytainavykovvozhdeniyaavtomobilya.

Mestadlyastoyankiavtomobiley, pricepovipolupricepovdolzhnysoderzhatsyavchistote. Zapreshhayutsyastoyankaavtomobilejblizhe1 m of ototopitelnykhpribor, dvizheniyey dazhenanebolshiyerasstoyaniyapriponizhennomdavleniya, takkaketoprivoditkprezhdevremennomurazrusheniyushin. Priponizhennomdavleniivozdukhavshinakhprotivnormyna of 25 % sroksluzhbyikhumenshayetsyaprimernona25-40 %, apovyshennoyena10-20 % against normydavlenievozduxavshinaxsnizhaetixprobegna10 %.

Ezhednevnoperedvyezdomnaliniyuipovozvrashcheniinuzhnoproveryatdavleniyevozdukh vshinaxisleditzaixdavleniemvovremyaraboty. Normydavleniyavozdukhavshinakh to a privedenyvtablitsa. Pressure of air check the special tire manometer previously verified with a control manometer.

Poslevozvrashcheniyapodvizhnogosostavasliniiosmotretshinyiobodyakoles. Got stuck a vprotektor, bokovinaximezhdusdvoennymishinamipostoronniepredmety (stones, nails, stekloidr.) it is necessary to remove. Povrezhdennyepokryshki, kameryiobodya, atakzhepokryshkis predelnymiznosomrisunkaprotektoradolzhnybytsnyatysavtomobilyainapravlenyv repair.

Privyyavleniiintensivnogoilineravnomernogoiznosarisunkaprotektorashinneobkhodimo of an ustanovityegoprichinyiprinyatmerydlyaikhustraneniyanezavisimootsrokovprovedeniye THAT.

Prineravnomernomiznoseprotektorashinupravlyaemykhkolessleduyetproveritsnachala ikhstaticheskuyubalansirovka, azatemdinamicheskijdisbalans. Dinamicheskijdisbalans sozdayetsyavsledstviyeneravnomernogoraspredeleniyamassykolesaotnositelnoyegovertikalnoyploskostisimmetriya.

Admissible static imbalance for wheels assembled Volga cars GAZ-24, GAZ-3110 no more than 10 N · m, "Muscovite" and VAZ of all models of 5 N · m.

Dlyauravnoveshivaniyakoleslegkovykhavtomobileyispolzuyutbalansirovochnyegruza, imeyushhiemassuot20 do80 Ikhkrepyatnazakrainuobodaplastinchatymipruzhinamis of a pomoshchyyuspetsialnogoinstrument. Dlyabalansirovkikolesgruzovyxavtomobilejprimenyayut gruzikimassoj325 i800 Naodnokolesogruzovogoavtomobilyadopuskayetsyaustanavlivat neboleeshestimalyxidvuxbolshixbalansirovochnyxgruzov.

Dlyabalansirovkiispolzuyutspetsialnoyeoborudovaniye. Eslitakovogonet, tomozhno balancing, estestvennosmensheytochnost, vypolnitnaavtomobile. Dlyaetogosleduyet osvoboditzatyazhkupodshipnikastupitsyperednegokolesana2-3 proreziregulirovochny gajkiiotpustittormoznyekolodkidosvobodnogovrashheniyakolesa (Predvaritelnoperedniya mostdolzhenbytpripodnyat). Then, vrashhayakoleso, periodicheskiostanavlivayutegov razlichnykhpolozheniye; eslivlyubomizetixpolozhenijkolesoposleostanovkiprodolzhaet to rotate, egoneobxodimootbalansirovat. Dlyaetogonuzhnovrashchatkolesovlevodo of a polnoyostanovkiiotmetityetopolozheniyemelomnabortupokryshka. Tozhesamoeprodelat privrashheniikolesavpravo - a naytivtoruyutochka. Razdelitrasstoyaniemezhdudvumya otmetkamiinajtisamoelegkoemestoukolesa, gdeiustanovitbalansirovochnyjgruz neobxodimojmassy, obespechivayushhejpolnoeuravnoveshivaniekolesa.

To Vseoperatsiipozameruidovedeniyudonormyvnutrennegodavleniyavozdukhapriproverka sostoyaniyashin, obodev, onboard, posadochnykhizamochnykhkolets, gates, zolotniks, proverkenalichiyakolpachkovdolzhnyvypolnyatsyaprikazhdomtoavtomobily (TO-1 ITO-2).

Table

Razmeryshininorma of the davleniyavny

Dlyapreduprezhdeniyaprezhdevremennogovykhodashiniz stroyaiobespecheniyabezopasnostidvizheniyazapreshhaetsya vypusknaliniyuavtomobily, pricepovipolupricepov, in shinaxkotoryxdavlenievozduxanesootvetstvuetustanovlennymnormam, neispravnyventiliizolotnik, otsutstvuyutkolpachka, prinalichiya a zastryavshikhvprotektor, bokovinakhimezhdusdvoyennymishinamikamny, nails, stekolidrugikhpredmetovilimestnykhpovrezhdeniye - breakdowns, cuts, gaps, rassloeniyakarkasa, otsloeniyaprotektorai bokoviny, a predelnogoiznosarisunkaprotektor, ostatochnayaglubina kotorogopocentrubegovojdorozhkisostavlyaet: The dlyagruzovykhavtomobily - 1 mm; dlyaavtobusov - 2 mm; the dlyalegkovykhavtomobily - 1,6 mm.

Nanerovnykh, trudnoproxodimyxuchastkaxdorogi, napereezdax, abrupt povorotakhivdrugikhsluchayakhnuzhnosnizhatskorostdvizheniye; not dopuskatezdysotkrytymibortamikuzova, prineobkhodimostipoyezdka a sotkrytymibortamizakrepityikhvpolozheniye excluding vozmozhnostpovrezhdeniyashin; nedopuskatrezkogotormozheniyapri podjezdakhkmestuostanovka, kzakrytomushlagbaumu, krasnomusignalu traffic light, atakzhepodjezdavplotnuyukbaryerutrotuaravoizbezhaniye povrezhdeniyabokovinypokryshekibeskamernyxshin; not to allow dlitelnogobuksovaniyakoles; to use antisliding chains for overcoming difficult passable sites of the road; not to overload the car, to distribute cargo in a body so that the weight was evenly distributed on all tires; poslestoyankiavtomobilyanaotkryty ploshchadkepritemperaturakhnizhe-30°svtecheniye15-20 minneobxodimo dvigatsyasoskorostyyunebolee10-15 km/h izatempostepenno skorostuvelichivat; dlyapovysheniyabezopasnostidvizheniyaavtomobilyana zasnezhennyxiobledenelyxdorogaxprimenyatshinysshipami antislidings.

Neezditnaavtomobilesoshipovannymishinamipodorogams tverdympokrytiempriotsutstviisnegailda; pervoevremyaposle oshipovkishin (doprobega1,0-1,5tys. km) izbegatrezkogotormozheniye itroganiyasmesta. Sleduetuchest, chtonaoshipovannykhshinakhtormozny putyavtomobilyanaobledenelykhilizasnezhennykhdorogakhznachitelno it is reduced. Poetomuvoditeliavtomobileysoshipovannymishinami dolzhnybytosobennovnimatelny, chtobypritormozheniiizbegat naezdaidushhegoszaditransporta.

Uchetezhemesyachnogoprobegashiniremontovvedetsyaregulyarnodlya of a kazhdoypokryshka, pokazhdomuavtomobilyu.

Neobxodimoperiodicheskiperestavlyatshinysoglasnosxemamv zavisimostiotikhsostoyaniye.

Tire, kameruiobodnuyulentusleduyetpripudrivattonkimsloy talc.

Osobennostiekspluatatsiibeskamernykhshin

Ubeskamernykhshinsleduyetobrashchatyosoboyevnimaniyenasostoyaniye obodadiskakolesaisoxrannostbortovshin. Poverkhnostyobodadolzhna a bytgladka painted, neimetzaboin, zausencevirzhavchiny. Beskamernyeshinymontiruyutnaobodobychnymsposobomspomoshhyu montazhnykhlopatokostorozhno, chtobynepovreditborta. Peredmontazh protirayutrebordyipolkiobodavlazhnojtryapkojismachivayutborta shinychistoyvody. Poslemontazhanakachivayutshinuvozdukhomdodavleniya 0,3 - 0,4 Mpatak, chtobybortapokryshkiplotnoprizhaliskobodu a disk, zatemvypuskayutizbytokvozduxa, an ustanovivtrebuyemoyedavleniye vshine.

Priekspluatatsiiavtomobilyasleduyetsistematicheskiproveryatgeryometichnostshin. To Poslemontazhagermetichnostshinyproveryayutvvann svody, avovremyaraboty - smachivaniemotdelnyxuchastkovshinyi an obodamylnymrastvor. Vnutrenniyspetsialnyysloyrezina beskamernojshinypozvolyaet, vsluchayeneobkhodimost to continue dvizheniyeiposleprokolashinygvozdemilidrugimiostry subjects.

Prixraneniibeskamernyxshinmezhduixbortamisleduetustanavlivat derevyannyeilikartonnyerasporka.

Beskamernyeshinyremontiruyutvputispomoshchyyuaptechkirbsh (repair beskamernyxshin). Vaptechkeimeyutsyakley, paste, probkiidrugiematerialy dlyaremontashin. Nebolshieprokolyvelichinojdo3 mm zamazyvayutpasty, aot3 do10 mm zadelyvayutspecialnymipolymiprobkami, without dismantling the tire.

(On Avtodvor magazine materials).